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June 2007 Aviation newsletter including how to articles for both the learn to fly and experienced pilot.

Destinations…
If you're looking for something different to do this summer, you'll find Columbia, California is a unique destination. Columbia is an authentic, 1850's Gold Rush settlement that has been preserved in nearly it's original state. Columbia was founded as a camp on March 27, 1850 by Dr. Thaddeus Hildreth, his brother George, and several other prospectors. At it's peak the town grew to a population of 6,000. Problems with water and two fires in 1854 and 1857 plagued the mining town and after 1860 the easily mined gold was gone and the town began to decline. In 1945 the Legislature appropriated $50,000 to acquire the lands and building and Columbia State Historic Park was founded.

You can visit a working, hardrock gold mine and learn to pan gold, tour caverns, ride in an authentic stagecoach or follow a trail guide on horseback, fish for trout, take a Whitewater Rafting trip or fly a Stearman Biplane. In addition, there are plenty of special events scheduled throughout the year. As for lodging, you'll find a variety to choose from. Stay on a ranch, in a hotel, resort, or B & B. You can land at Columbia Airport (O22), an uncontrolled field with a 4670 feet asphalt runway.

So if you like things a little off the beaten path, plan a trip to Columbia. Who knows? Maybe you'll strike it rich!

Fly In Destination

Pilot Plans to Travel the Globe
Scott Tezak's interest in flying was sparked when he was a Junior in High School. His friend's girlfriend's dad took them all up for a flight in a C-172. Scott begged his parents to take flying lessons. They said, "No. You need a plan." Young and adventurous and holding a wide-open future in his hands, he outlined what he needed to do in order to live out his dream of travelling the world using aviation as his tool. He recently finished his instructor ratings and was hired to teach at American Flyers. After a summer of full-time instructing, Scott plans to teach part-time and attend Rock Valley College to get his A & P license. Once he is a certified aircraft mechanic he plans to do some bush flying in Alaska. Then he'll head across the globe to Australia. He plans to spend 2-3 years at each location as he travels around the world.

For his first flight after he earned his Private Pilot certificate, he took up his buddy, also named Scott, and a couple of girls from High School. Taking girls flying has done wonders for their social lives. "We've taken tons of girls flying. We go out to eat a lot!" He says with a mischievous grin. Parents – beware of these two charming Scotts!

Pilot Plans to Travel the Globe

American Flyers Students Become Partners in Columbia 400
If you remember reading a newsletter story about Dave Sievers a year ago, you should be congratulated for your sharp memory. Dave came to American Flyers to finish up his Private Pilot certificate in Spring of 2006. After which he earned his Instrument Rating and began working on his Commercial.

As Dave was proceeding in his training, he dreamt of the day he'd own an aircraft. Everywhere he looked the Columbia 400 kept coming up. Lucas Noia, Morristown American Flyers director, introduced Dave to Steve Okros, a former student and the new owner of a Columbia 400 who was looking for a couple of partners. (Steve wrote about it in last month's newsletter.)

The partners met and found they got along well. They developed a plan that covers every aspect of group aircraft ownership, like schedules, insurance and maintenance. With the pleasures of aircraft ownership, they found, also come some disappointments. For the good of the partnership, they had to make some personal sacrifices. "For instance," Dave says, "it may be your week to have the airplane, but if it needs to go into maintenance you don't fly that week."

"Flying the 400 is everything I hoped it would be," said Dave. "It's fast and powerful." This experience has not only brought him a beautiful airplane, but also a desire to fly this plane really well and to be forever increasing in proficiency.

Did You Know…
The first female flight attendant was a registered nurse, who's purpose was to calm passengers' fears. Ellen Church of Cresco, Iowa had actually approached Boeing Air Transit (BAT) for a job as pilot. BAT didn't hire her as a pilot, however they were very interested in her idea to hire nurses as stewardesses. Church was put in charge of seven other "sky girls" who flew from Oakland to Chicago. Soon all of the airlines followed BAT's example and hired stewardesses. Church's idea not only promoted the safety of flying, but provided much need jobs to women. The municipal airport serving Cresco is named Ellen Church Field (KCJJ) in her honor.

Photo from http://www.pbs.org/kcet/chasingthesun/innovators/echurch.html

first female flight attendant

Laugh Out Loud…
Shortly after landing at a big international airport in his Cessna 150, our hero strolls into the busy airport cafeteria for a bite to eat. He finds an empty table by the window to keep an eye on the airport comings and goings. Soon a striking woman walks up and asks to share his table. Naturally, he invites her to sit down.

After several minutes of small talk, the woman asks if he is a pilot. He responds, "Why, yes, I am – I fly a C-150." Knowing next to nothing about airplanes, she asks him what a C-150 is. The pilot looks out the window and spots a C-130 Hercules taxing out for takeoff.

Pointing to it, he tells his companion, "See that plane over there? That is a C-130. I fly a C-150!"

Source: www.aviation-humor.com


Let's Talk Tires and Treads
By Rick Freidinger, Director of Maintenance

Whether you own your own plane or rent, one of the most important things to check during your preflight is the tires. While the tires don't keep an aircraft in the air, they are the only thing that keeps the metal off the runway. Unlike an auto tire that slowly builds speed and heat an aircraft tire goes from 0 to 60 plus miles per hours in a matter of seconds. The condition of your tires is critical to a safe landing.

During preflight check the following:

1) Tire inflation. Too little or too much air causes tire wear and heat build up either of which increases the chances of a tire failure.

2) Tread wear. Most aircraft tires have 4 to 6 tread lines. These treads should be visible all the way around the tire. During preflight roll the aircraft to assure a previous landing has not wore the tread away in one area. One flat spot on the tire, if landed on again, could cause a failure of the tire.

3) Weather checking or "dry rot". Unfortunately some aircraft sit more than they fly so the tires have a tendency to dry out and weather check. This condition is seen as small cracks usually found in the side wall of the tire. Just like the flat spot on a tire, the dry rotted area of the tire is weakened and will be prone to cause a tire to fail on landing.

Finding any of the above conditions during preflight is reason to postpone the flight and have the problem resolved. An hour delay in takeoff time is much better than the time and money, not to mention embarrassment, involved when a tire fails on landing.

 

Tires and Treads by Rick Freidinger, Director of Airplane Maintenance


ABCs for Attending Airshows
This is the season for aviation enthusiasts to pile into flying and earthbound machines and head to the nearest
airshow for a day of sensory overload. You'll feel the heat and wind, hear the roar of engines, see spectacular acrobatic feats, taste good ole' American food and smell the distinctive aroma of Jet-A. Here's the short-list of what you'll want to bring along.

All-over cover
Sunscreen, lip protection, hat, sunglasses.

Backpack
A comfortable way to hold your water and all those things you'll collect.

Camera & Film
Bring extra film and batteries.

Drink
Keep yourself hydrated.

Earplugs
Some of the jets get really LOUD!


Words of Wisdom…
Man must rise above the Earth – to the top of the atmosphere and beyond – for only thus will he fully understand the world in which he lives.
– Socrates

A single lifetime, even though entirely devoted to the sky, would not be enough for the study of so vast a subject. A time will come when our descendants will be amazed that we did not know things that are so plain to them.
– Seneca, Book 7, first century AD

No one can realize how substantial the air is, until he feels its supporting power beneath him. It inspires confidence at once.
– Otto Lilienthal


Gallery
"Ford 4AT Tri-Motor" The "Tin Goose" was inspired by design of William B. Stoudt, whose company was bought by Henry Ford. Ford refined the basic design and put the Tri-Motor into production. It was used by virtually every airline in the United States in the early 1930s. The Tri-Motor introduced a level of luxury unknown in air travel to that time, but it was noisy, cold and slow. Despite it's reliability, those drawbacks ended it's career as a front line airliner within a decade of it's introduction.

World-renowned aviation artist, Lou Drendel, created the "Flyers Series" of paintings for American Flyers celebrating famous aviators and famous aircraft. To see more of Mr. Drendel's series, visit the American Flyers Art Gallery in our online Library at.

Aviation Art Gallery

Aviation Art Gallery

How to Impress the Locals: Getting Around an Unfamiliar Airport
It happens all the time, even to the pilots of heavy aircraft. They get to their destination airport, but get lost getting across the field. And once they start getting confused and frustrated the situation become ripe for a runway incursion. Before you leave
your departure airport, try to take a look at the airport diagram of your destination airport. Plan ahead where you want to go on the field and note the various pathsthat can get you there. Once you've landed it can be much harder to visualize where you are and where you need to go. If you are unfamiliar with the taxi route at an airport, or feel you need extra assistance, ask the tower for progressive taxi instructions. ATC will give you precise taxi instructions in stages as your aircraft proceeds along the taxi route. Don't be intimidated by the controller or the volume of traffic on the frequency – if you need help, ask.

Ask the Pilot Professor
By Dr. Michael Bliss

Q: It's hard to remember to check the VORs in my airplane. Do you have any good tips on how to do so?

A: To review, the FARs require that VOR receivers be checked every 30 days for IFR flight. The Airport/Facility Directory (AF/D) lists the location of VOR Test Facilities (VOT). The maximum permissible error using a VOT is + or - 4 degrees. The AF/D also lists designated ground and airborne checkpoints.

The maximum permissible error for the ground checkpoints is the same as with a VOT, while the use of airborne checkpoints allows a + or - 6 degree maximum error. The other method of checking VORs is one against another in a dual VOR installation. The total spread between the two VOR receivers may not be more than 4 degrees.

A record of the VOR check must be kept and needs to contain the date, place, bearing error, and signature of the person performing the check.

As for remembering to perform the check, I've found it useful to take a red marker and write "VOR CHECK" on a 3x5 card. I keep the card with my flight planning material and take it out to the airplane with my charts, etc., reminding me to verify the check has been made within the last 30 days, or to make the check before takeoff.

Pilot Professor Mike Bliss


Weather & General

Air Circulation By David Menconi, Chief Flight Instructor

The late night TV meteorologist says, "Look to the west to find the weather that will be effecting our area tomorrow." Pilots that operate in the middle of the country look to the west because they know that the weather is steered by the general winds of the area. The "Prevailing Westerlies" is why weather generally moves from west to east at the mid-latitudes. It all starts with the uneven heating of the earth's atmosphere and the fact that everything in nature tries to maintain equilibrium. The air at the equator warms, rises and drifts toward the poles. As it cools, the air descends and impacts the earth causing air to move north and south. Because the earth is rotating, the air is deflected to the right and the prevailing winds for the area are established. Pressure systems, fronts, and storm centers generally follow these winds. This can easily be seen when tracking hurricanes out of the Gulf of Mexico. They start moving east to west near the Equator but as they move northward they move west to east. It is also why it has been recommended to go to west side of your basement during a TornadoWarning. The next time you want to check the accuracy of your forecast, check current weather at stations upwind of the prevailing winds in your area and see what's coming your way.

Aviation Weather

The next time you want to check
the accuracy of your forecast,
check current weather at stations
upwind of the prevailing winds in
your area.

June 2007 Aviation newsletter including how to articles for both the learn to fly and experienced pilot.
June 2007 Aviation Newsletter Editors
“You’re Invited … ”
To a Free Pilot Seminar and Lunch
Aviation Seminar
Pilot Lunch

“Pilot and Aircraft Airworthiness”

You know you can't go flying if either you or the airplane is not airworthy. Join us for a review of exactly what determines airworthiness. We will also go over performing a thorough preflight walk-around. Along with this valuable information we'll provide you with lunch!

Here's What You’ll Learn…

Learn To Fly Airworthiness regulations and what they mean;
Pilot The correct procedure to follow when something goes "inop";
Training Pilot airworthiness;
Flight Reviewing the preflight walk-around.

Mixed Identity?
Fly Like a Gull Named Jonathan

Sometimes the airport identifier doesn't match the name of the airport at all. One such case is ORD. How did they get ORD out of O'Hare International?

O'Hare International Airport was named after Lieutenant Edward O'Hare, a navy pilot awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1942. During WWII the airport, then called Orchard Field, was used almost exclusively by the military. In fact, the Douglas C-54, the largest troop and cargo carrying aircraft, was built at a factory on the airport. After the war, the City Council bought the airport from the US government and began competing with Midway. Soon O'Hare was the busiest airport in the world, a title it maintained for 30 years.

 

 

There was a time in the 1970's when it seemed that everyone either had read, was reading, or was planning to read the bestselling book Jonathan Livingston Seagull, by Richard Bach, a former Iowa Air Guard pilot. It is a story about a seagull who gets bored doing the same daily activities with the other seagulls and following all of their seagull ways. His true passion is flying and he pursues learning with relentless zeal. Outcast from the Flock, he meets other gulls who love to fly and they lead him to
a place where seagulls can reach perfection.

This is where he learns to fly without the limit of space and time. When he returns to Earth, he teaches his skill to another outcast, young Fletcher Gull, who had a "blazing drive to learn to fly." Soon Jonathan has six more students who are intrigued by the idea of flying for the love of flying… The rest you'll have to read in the book!

[The inspiration for this story was a barnstormer named John H. Livingston. Mr. Livingston, originally from Iowa, won 137 races during the late 20's and early 30's. He was known as one of the country's top pilots.]

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“Great Food and Fantastic Seminar”

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Get involved… introduce friends to flying. If you have a friend or acquaintance who might be interested in aviation send them in, or better yet, bring them! We fly 7 days a week.

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